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Decent Work and Sustainable Development Goals in Viet Nam - Country Profile

In 2015, world leaders at the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. At the core of this new global development model are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs. They reflect the comprehensive nature of the Agenda itself and include complex issues never measured before, as well as cross-cutting themes. A set of appropriate indicators have been chosen to monitor SDG progress, some of which have been designed specifically for this purpose.

The International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Decent Work Agenda is central to achieving this new development paradigm. The quest for decent work for all men and women is primarily included under Goal 8. However, decent work is also a cross-cutting topic underpinning the achievement of other goals.

Viet Nam has been upgrading its data collection capacity to support the monitoring of the SDGs. Viet Nam’s Labour Force Survey, one of the most advanced of emerging Asia, has since January 2019 embraced modern standards adopted by the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians. The quality and regularity of Labour Force Survey data produced by Viet Nam’s General Statistics Office made this report possible.

This publication is the result of a collaboration between ILO’s Department of Statistics and ILO’s Country Office for Viet Nam. Its objective is to analyse the country’s labour market trends through the lenses of international SDG and labour market indicators. This approach provides the opportunity to compare Viet Nam’s context with that of other countries, as is done at key stages of the analysis. Ultimately, this report aims to contribute to Viet Nam’s commitment to implementing the principles of the ILO’s Centenary Declaration and its “human-centred agenda for the future of work”.