Issue-based Coalitions in the Asia-Pacific Region 1. Climate Change Mitigation and Air Pollution (co-chaired by ESCAP and UNEP) The IBC on Climate Change Mitigation and Air Pollutions seeks to streamline and align the UN response to challenges of climate change and air pollution in the region, help realize synergies among related areas of work across UN entities, bring the value-added of the regional UNDS to assist Resident Coordinators and UN Country teams, and serve as regional platforms to reach out to non-UN stakeholders. The IBC is structured around the following specific objectives: Raise ambitions on climate action through Nationally Determined Contributions. Accelerate action on air pollution in Asia Pacific to move towards achieving World Health Organization air quality guidelines by 2030. Accelerate the phase out of coal in Asia Pacific. Making the COVID-19 related fiscal measures climate responsive UN agencies contribute to the IBC through engagement in Working Groups established for each of the first three objectives, while all entities contribute to mainstreaming COVID-19-related issues in climate response. 2. Building Resilience (co-chaired by UNDP and UNDRR) The IBC on Building Resilience brings together disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation with membership of 19 UN entities. The overall objective of this IBC is to serve as a platform for UN agencies to work together to accelerate action on DRR, CCA and resilience in the Asia-Pacific region. The work of the IBC will advance inclusivity and human rights-based approaches to climate-sensitive, risk-informed development. The following are specific objectives of the IBC: Build political momentum for the acceleration of strategic and policy action in Member States to implement the DRR, CCA and resilience dimensions of the 2030 Agenda, Sendai Framework and Paris Agreement. Provide UNRCs and UNCTs with coherent and timely programming, policy and/or normative guidance and technical support on DRR/CCA and resilience-related issues. Strengthen regional, country and local-level data and information on DRR and CCA to enhance resilience-building policies, programming and decision-making. Support advocacy and information/experience sharing on DRR and CCA-related issues, based on agreed recommendations and action points, with a focus on leave no-one behind principle. The IBC is structured under 4 work streams co-lead by different UN regional entities: 1) integration of health emergencies in DRR, 2) disaster and climate risk analysis, 3) resilient recovery and 4) disaster and climate-related displacement. 3. Inclusion and Empowerment (co-chaired by ILO and UNICEF) The empowerment and inclusion of vulnerable and marginalized groups are essential to reduce inequality and accelerate progress towards many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) across the Region and at Country level. As such,The IBC on Empowerment and Inclusion aims to: Support the RCs and the UNCTs in data collection and analysis to document and articulate the conditions and inequalities experienced by vulnerable and marginalized groups in order to advocate for scaling up inclusive social policy options, including but not limited to social protection and cash transfer programmes to address the socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 on the most vulnerable populations. Support knowledge generation and analytical work including but not limited to social assistance and cash transfer programmes, and in coordination with the Knowledge Management Hub. Support RCs and UNCTs in developing joint messaging and promoting evidence-based advocacy to protect and empower the most vulnerable against the social-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Contribute to the development of a recovery plan for vulnerable sectors of the economy and investment plan for the renewal and reskilling of the labour force. The IBC incudes the disability and youth WGs and conversations are ongoing in terms of mainstreaming the Health and Education WGs. 4. People, Mobility and Urbanization (co-chaired by IOM and UN-Habitat) The IBC on Human Mobility and Urbanization (HMU) was established to realize synergies and complementarities in the work of different Regional UN entities in the area of human mobility and urbanization, recognized as two mega trends in Asia and the Pacific region. It seeks to address the increased demand for resources and widening inequalities taking place between cities and within cities spurred by increased mobility, high-density and growing urban populations. The IBC HMU incorporates the previous Regional Task Team on Sustainable Urbanization and works alongside closely with the UN Regional Network on Migration at the Asia-Pacific level. In 2021, the IBC HMU will initially operate two working groups focused on: a study on the impacts of COVID-19 on selected cities; and updating an existing guide for UNCTs on integrating urbanization into their CCA and UNSDCF. 5. Human Rights and Gender Equality (co-chaired by OHCHR, UNFPA and UN Women) The IBC HR-GEWE leverages substantive expertise from across the UN system on key GEWE and HR issues. It’s work focuses on three areas: Non-discrimination: support UNCTs in integrating a normative approach to the UN’s development work, including in SDG monitoring and implementation, grounded in the UN Charter and international human rights frameworks; Gender equality and women’s empowerment: advocate for women’s leadership, voice and agency to be advanced in all areas of the UN’s work (regional and country); COVID-19 response and recovery: monitor and analyse HR and GEWE-related implications of the COVID-19 response and recovery efforts in the region, and support the integration of HR and GEWE in all work to build back better. The IBC’s work in delivered through capacity-building support to UNCTs, research, analysis and provision of technical guidance, as well as dialogues, guidance and joint advocacy on emerging challenges or issues of regional interest. The IBC has two sub-working groups i.e. the regional Human Rights Network and the regional UNiTE Working Group to End Violence Against Women and Girls.